The Museum is currently closed for reconstruction.



Cody, USA, 1912–Southampton, USA, 1956

Pollock is the artist, who, fusing New World Art with European avant-garde tradition, established himself as the leader of postwar America’s Abstract Expressionism. He studied art in Los Angeles and New York, and was inspired by works of Picasso, Matisse as well as his friend Masson’s paintings filled with curved lines. Inspired also by an approach to painting rooted in the surrealists’ pictorial elucidation of depth psychology, he was, simultaneously, a devotee of Native American mythology and sand painting and Mexican murals and produced drawings based on Jungian psychoanalysis. Pollock created his “action paintings” by spreading huge canvases on the floor and using brushes and sticks to apply the paint. Alternatively, he punched holes in paint cans from which he poured paint onto the canvases, creating paintings in which freely moving lines freely overlap. Using his “drip technique,” he created structures with no central focus, “all-over” works in which the painting seems to viewers to fill and then overflow the boundaries of the canvas.
Jackson POLLOCK Number 2, 1951 1951, Oil on canvas
Number 2, 1951
1951, Oil on canvas

Pollock used his "dripping" technique, which simultaneously freed the pure energy of color and his own internal energy, through his actions, to produce "all-over" paintings, with the canvas as a whole covered with an all-over, even distribution of lines. Most of those were created from 1947 to 1950; they made Pollock the leading figure in Abstract Expressionism in postwar America. In this painting, Pollock has returned once again to figuration; he created it in a period in which he was alternating between the abstract and the figurative. Amidst the lines in black and various other colors are scattered astronomical motifs, as well as organic motifs that suggest bones and human limbs. Those motifs seem to evoke Picasso's Guernica, which had deeply impressed Pollock when it was shown at the Museum of Modern Art in New York.
Postwar Art